Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Applications For Metal Seated Ball Valve

metal seated ball valve with handle and flange connections
Metal Seated Ball Valve
Crane - Krombach
Fluid process control employs valves of various types to start, stop, throttle, or divert flow of a fluid. Ball valves are a common selection for process application when their inherent advantages provide the greatest benefit.
  • Leak-proof service
  • Well suited for processes requiring only full flow or no flow operation.
  • Rapid open and close action, requiring only 90 degrees of rotation from fully open to fully closed.
  • Comparatively light weight and compact size.
  • Wide range of construction material options for body, ball, and seals make them suitable for many applications.
  • Require only moderate force to control valve position.
  • Flow path opening in the ball will often be “full port”, providing same cross section as the connected pipe and adding very little restriction or pressure drop to the flow.
  • Low maintenance, with no lubrication required.
There are numerous ball valve variants that provide modified features and performance, but let's focus on what is generally considered severe service applications.

Severe service, while not currently defined by an international standard, generally can be characterized by one or more operating conditions that put great levels of stress or wear on valves.
  • Very extreme media or environmental temperature
  • High pressure drop operation that may cause cavitation
  • Rapid and extreme changes to inlet pressure
  • Certain types or amounts of solids contained in the fluid
  • Corrosive media
Some of these conditions will greatly impact the valve seat. Many valves are provided with thermoplastic seats that, while providing suitable performance throughout a wide range of media conditions, will deteriorate quickly under conditions prevailing in severe service. An alternative to the soft thermoplastic seats is a metal seat design. 
  • Greater temperature tolerance
  • Self cleaning seat
  • Improved resistance to effects of particulate laden media or slurries
  • Corrosion resistance, enhanced by special coatings applied to metal construction
The document below provides an in depth view of a metal seated ball valve. Operating conditions, specifications, and illustrations (including my favorite, the cutaway view) are provided. Share your fluid control requirements with product and application specialists, combining your process expertise with their product application knowledge to develop effective solutions.


Monday, August 22, 2016

High Performance Non-Slam Check Valve

high performance dual plate check valve
Crane Duo-Chek dual plate check valve
Check valves are ubiquitous throughout fluid processing operations. These simple devices permit fluid flow in one direction only. While there are numerous design variants available in the marketplace, operation is very similar in all check valves. Fluid pressure and movement in the desired direction moves a plate, plug, ball, or other obstruction to a position that allows flow to pass. The plate or other obstruction has a design countervailing force applied to it by a spring, gravity, or some other means that will move the trim to the closed position. When pressure drop across the valve decreases below the design level, the trim will close. Fluid pressure exerted on the outlet side of the valve will maintain a closed position in the valve. In this manner, a check valve allows fluid to pass in one direction, but not in the reverse.

Beneficial features of a check valve would include some or all of the following:

  • Lightweight and compact design
  • Tight shutoff that meets any applicable standards
  • Low pressure drop when open
  • Operation that minimizes seal wear
  • Installation simplicity and flexibility
  • Easy to insulate
  • Low maintenance requirements
  • No slamming to the closed position
  • No valve chatter
  • Available in numerous configurations to meet wide range of applications
Share your fluid process control challenges with a product application specialist. Combine your process knowledge with their product application expertise for effective solutions.




Tuesday, August 16, 2016

New Piping and Pipeline Specialties Catalog

heavy duty industrial piping and pumps
Titan Flow Controls products are utilized throughout piping systems
Mountain States Engineering and Controls handles the full line of Titan Flow Control products and has the application expertise and product knowledge to help customers select the right products, properly configured for the job at hand.

The company recently published a new and updated catalog containing all of their standard products. Titan Flow Controls manufactures a broad range of flow control products.

  • Y Strainers
  • Duplex Strainers
  • Basket Strainers
  • Check Valves
  • Butterfly Valves
  • Pump Protection
  • Specialty Products
  • Custom Assemblies and Fabrications
The latest edition of the Titan FCI catalog is included below. All the technical assistance needed for properly selecting and configuring the right product for your application is available from the experts at Mountain States Engineering and Controls.



Tuesday, August 9, 2016

Methods of Measurement For Boiler Drum Water Level

gas fired boilers in boiler room
There are numerous boiler water level measurement methods
Steam boilers have a long history in commercial, industrial, even residential applications. The steam they produce can be used to deliver heat, or to drive mechanical equipment and other processes. Maintaining the right boiler operating conditions is essential to safe operation and achieving the best use of fuel.

Boiler water level measurement is one of the essential elements of proper operation. Accurate and effective level measurement will indicate water levels that are too high or too low, both of which can have negative impact.

Spirax Sarco, a globally recognized leader in the development and production of steam related specialties, has developed content that summarizes various methods and technologies used to measure water level in boilers. Each is described in detail, with explanations of the technology, including some mathematical formulas. The piece is well illustrated and some advantages associated with each method are included. The document is from the company's website, under the Resources > Steam Engineering Tutorials section and provided in its entirety below.

Share your steam related challenges with a Spirax Sarco representative, specialists in helping achieve maximum performance from steam systems.



Tuesday, August 2, 2016

Corrosion Resistant Cooling Towers Allow Aggressive Water Treatment

cooling tower corrosion resistant plastic construction
Corrosion resistant cooling tower
Courtesy Delta Cooling Towers
Unless you are located in the northern or southern polar regions, churning away on the roof of the building in which you may work, or mounted on a pad adjacent to it, is likely an important unit of equipment. It is essential to climate control in the building, and possibly an integral heat rejection component for an industrial process. Yes, I am talking about cooling towers. While hardly glamorous, without their successful operation, much of your operation will grind to a halt. 

There is substantial cost involved in the operation of a cooling tower, including energy, water, treatment chemicals, and more. Corrosion and the accumulation of fouling material can measurably reduce overall cooling efficiency. Even modest accumulation can slash energy efficiency by 5%, increasing operating costs in a marked way.

Keeping a cooling tower operating near its design capacity requires a commitment to a regular maintenance and inspection schedule. When deficiencies are found, they should be corrected within a reasonably short time frame. Water treatment, to improve performance or reduce maintenance burden, can sometimes be overly aggressive and impart some negative side effects to the equipment. Plastic cooling towers provide a high level of resistance to even the most aggressive water treatment chemicals. Cooling towers fabricated from plastics can carry warranties extending to 20 years.

Water cooling towers are an important operational component of your infrastructure, as well as a significant continuing cost center. They should be cared for as an important appliance. Avoid choosing a "Run to failure" maintenance program.

There is much to consider when adding or replacing a cooling tower. Share your project requirements and challenges with an application specialist. Combining your process and operational expertise with their product application knowledge will produce an effective solution.

Back Pressure Regulator or Pressure Regulator Valve, Appropriate Application

pressure regulator valve
Pressure Regulator Valve
Courtesy Pentair Cash Valve
Fluids move throughout processes, driven by pressure produced with mechanical or naturally occurring means. In many cases the pressure generated by the driving source is substantially greater than what may be desired at particular process steps. In other cases, the operation may dictate that a minimum pressure be maintained within a portion of the process train. Both cases are handled by the appropriate valve type, designed specifically to regulate pressure.

A pressure regulating valve is a normally open valve that employs mechanical means, positioning itself to maintain the outlet pressure set on the valve. Generally, this type of valve has a spring that provides a countervailing force to the inlet pressure on the valve mechanism. An adjustment bolt regulates the force produced by the spring upon the mechanism, creating an equilibrium point that provides flow through the valve needed to produce the set outlet pressure. A typical application for a pressure regulator is to reduce upstream or inlet pressure to a level appropriate for downstream processing equipment.

Back pressure valves are normally closed, operating in a logically reversed fashion to pressure regulators. Where pressure regulators control outlet pressure, a back pressure valve is intended to maintain inlet pressure.  Similar internals are present in the back pressure valve, with the valve action reversed when compared to a pressure regulator. An inlet pressure reduction in the back pressure valve will cause the valve to begin closing, restricting flow and increasing the inlet pressure. A representative application for a back pressure valve is a multi-port spray station. The back pressure valve will work to maintain a constant setpoint pressure to all the spray nozzles, regardless of how many may be open at a particular time.

Both of these valve types are available in an extensive array of sizes, capacities, pressure ranges, and materials of construction to accommodate every process requirement. Share your fluid control challenges with a process control specialist. Combining your process knowledge with their product application expertise will produce effective solutions.