Showing posts with label compressed air. Show all posts
Showing posts with label compressed air. Show all posts

Monday, March 19, 2018

Modular Refrigerated Air Dryer For Industrial Compressed Air

exploded view of refrigerated compressed air dryer
Modular construction of this refrigerated compressed
air dryer combines backup capacity with demand based usage.
Image courtesy SPX Pneumatic Products
Compressed air is a common, and in some cases lifeblood, utility and source of power in industrial plants and operations. It is well established that limiting the moisture in compressed air is preferred. Modern operations increasingly demand drier compressed air supply containing fewer contaminants. Some of the potentially damaging effects of moisture in compressed air systems include:
  • In air operated instruments, corrosion, leading to incorrect readings and false responses by plant operators.
  • In pneumatic controls, clogging of orifices and malfunction of controls due to rust and scale can result in additional maintenance and repair, even process malfunction or shutdown.
  • Spray-on coating operations are impacted by moisture level, which can affect color, finish, and adherence of the applied material.
  • In industrial production equipment, moving parts can experience rust and premature wear due to the washing away of lubrication by excessive moisture in compressed air.
When ambient air is compressed, its temperature increases, but also does the ratio of water per unit of air volume. This results in a compressed air supply with what may be an unacceptably high dew point. Dew point is the temperature at which air is saturated, and cooling air below its dew point will result in the formation of condensate (liquid water). As compressed air is consumed by usage equipment, the air pressure drops, along with the temperature. These condition changes, and others, can result in condensate formation in the compressed air system and connected equipment. This is generally considered a negative development, as the presence of excessive moisture can lead to line freezing, corrosion, excessive equipment wear, and malfunction.

For many industrial applications, removing moisture from compressed air can be accomplished on a continuous basis utilizing a properly configured mechanically refrigerated air dryer. SPX Flow Techonology's Pneumatic Products brand of refrigerated air dryers applies best in class refrigeration technology to deliver substantial energy savings to the process. The ESM product line features:
  • Measurable energy savings.
  • Rapid return on investment
  • Load matching performance
  • Modular construction for multi-station design with isolation for service and maintenance
  • Fault tolerant operation
  • Integral filtration
More detail on the versatility, energy savings, and all around performance of the ESM Series Refrigerated Air Dryers is provided in the product data sheet included below. Product specialists can help you leverage your own knowledge and experience into a successful and effective solution.



Thursday, December 7, 2017

Compressed Air as a Motive Force

coalescing filters for compressed air
Coalescing filters are common components of a compressed
air system.
Image courtesy SPX Pneumatic Products
Compressed air is utilized throughout every industry and many commercial settings. While primarily used as a motive force, compressed air serves as a utility in many applications in the oil and gas, chemical and petrochemical, nuclear power, food, pharmaceutical, and automotive industries. The presence and use of compressed air across multiple industries is so essential, its importance is comparable to utilities like electricity, gas, and water.

In the control of fluid processes, compresses air facilitates operation and control of valves and other instruments. Dry air, with a sufficiently depressed dew point, can ensure process materials and equipment stay free of moisture and its associated impediments to smooth operation. The use of compressed air as either a motive force or a utility imparts minimum requirements on its quality or constituents. Confounding substances, such as particulates, water, and oil, may be entrained or contained in a compressed air stream. Various methods of filtration and moisture removal may be necessary to condition or process the compressed air in order to deliver consistent quality.

The advantages of using compressed air as a motive force in industrial settings are more numerous than appropriate for listing here, but consider that tools driven by compressed air can be more compact, lower weight and less prone to overheating than electrically driven tools. Air driven devices tend to have reduced parts count and require little maintenance, whether tools, valve actuators, pistons, or other machines. Compressed air driven devices can be fashioned to amplify the power of an electrical signal, enabling a simpler means of powering some types of loads. Compressed air, by its nature, presents no electrical hazards to the workplace.

Whenever air driven devices are utilized, attention must be given to compressed air production. The pressure, maximum flow rate demand, and compressed air quality must meet the process or operation requirements. Share your compressed air system challenges with specialists, leveraging your own knowledge and experience with their product application expertise to develop effective solutions.

Thursday, September 28, 2017

Breathing Air Purifiers

breathable air purifier system
A breathing air purifier unit processes
compressed air, making it suitable for respirators.
Image courtesy SPX Pneumatic Products
There are many instances throughout science and industry where tasks must be performed by human operators in environments without breathable air. In many of those cases, it is necessary to provide a positively pressurized enclosed space around the operator's face to isolate the breathing passages from potentially harmful vapors, dust, or pathogens in the work area.

Applications in the petrochemical industry, as well as asbestos abatement, paint and coatings, tank cleaning and more have specific jurisdictional requirements for the provision of breathing apparatus for worker protection. A compressed air source is processed as it passes through a purifier which imposes a six stage filtration process on the compressed air inlet prior to supplying the breathable air to safety hoods or masks.

  • Removal of solid and liquid particles or droplets greater than 1.0 micron.
  • Oil and liquid aerosol removal down to 0.1 micron.
  • Water vapor removal
  • Reduction of carbon monoxide level
  • Second particulate filtration stage to 1.0 micron
  • Activated carbon removes trace odors, oil vapor, and other components
Analyzing and monitoring the outlet air quality from the purifier unit is a good practice, to assure that target levels of oxygen, carbon monoxide, moisture, and carbon dioxide are maintained. OSHA and other jurisdictional bodies specify allowable levels for certain potentially harmful gases. The quality of the inlet air should be carefully assessed and protected during operation, since it is a primary determinant of the outlet air quality.

Share your process requirements with a pneumatic system specialist, combining your own knowledge and experience with their product application expertise to develop an effective solution.

Thursday, June 30, 2016

Super High Efficiency Coalescing Filters Improve Compressed Air and Gas System Performance

Coalescing filter cartridges and media for compressed air or gas systems
Super High Efficiency Coalescing Filters
Courtesy SPX Pneumatic Products
Compressed air systems are, for many industrial installations, the lifeblood energy source. Keeping the system free of unwanted particulates, oil, moisture, and other harmful contaminates is a key step in maintaining full operational capacity and conserving energy. Instruments, tools, and equipment that utilize the compressed air will perform better and longer with a cleaner air supply.

Coalescing filters are designed to remove liquid aerosols from compressed air or gas streams. Locating the filters upstream of air dryers will provide a processing step that intercepts liquid aerosols and brings them together (coalesce) into larger droplets that migrate to the bottom of the filter housing and are removed by draining. The purpose of locating the coalescing filter upstream of the air dryer is to remove liquids the dryer is unable to remove.

Some desirable criteria for coalescing filters include low penetration of oil and low saturated pressure drop. Increased pressure drop will require proportional increases in energy to maintain rated system air flow.

Along with moisture, inlet air can contain a range of particulates. Filter media that is designed and constructed to trap and retain larger amounts of particulate matter can be beneficial because the time between filter media changes is extended.

Effective compressed air system design requires the inclusion of properly configured and sized filtration components. You can learn more about coalescing filters with a review of the document included below. It includes some quantitative means of rating filter performance and efficiency. Share your compressed air or gas processing challenges with product specialists and combine your process knowledge with their product application expertise to develop the best solutions.



Sunday, August 30, 2015

Modern Refrigeration Technology Delivers Energy Saving Air Drying for Industrial Compressed Air Systems

Industrial Refrigerated Air Dryer
Modular Refrigerated Air Dryer
Courtesy SPX Pneumatic Products
Compressed air is a common utility and source of power in many industrial plants and operations. It is well known that limiting the amount of moisture in compressed air is advantageous. Modern operations increasingly demand drier compressed air supply containing fewer contaminants. Some of the potentially damaging effects of moisture in compressed air systems include:

  • In air operated instruments, corrosion, leading to incorrect readings and false responses by plant operators.
  • In industrial processes utilizing pneumatic controls, clogging of orifices and malfunction of controls due to rust and scale can result in additional maintenance and repair, even process malfunction or shutdown.
  • In industrial spray-on coatings, moisture can affect their color, finish, and adherence.
  • In industrial production equipment, moving parts can experience rust and premature wear due to the washing away of lubrication by excessive moisture in compressed air.
For many industrial applications, removing moisture from compressed air can be accomplished on a continuous basis utilizing a properly configured mechanically refrigerated air dryer. SPX Flow Techonology's Pneumatic Products brand of refrigerated air dryers applies best in class refrigeration technology to deliver substantial energy savings to the process. The ESM product line features:
  • Measurable energy savings.
  • Rapid return on investment
  • Load matching performance
  • Modular construction for multi-station design with isolation for service and maintenance
  • Fault tolerant operation
  • Integral filtration
Review the product data sheet below for more detail on the versatility, energy savings, and all around performance of the ESM Series Refrigerated Air Dryers. Product specialists can provide answers to your application questions, along with assistance with product selection and incorporation into your plant or process.