Showing posts with label condensate. Show all posts
Showing posts with label condensate. Show all posts

Friday, January 5, 2018

Piston Isolation Valves For Steam and Condensate

carbon steel or stainless steel piston valve for steam or condensate
Simple and reliable piston isolation valve is well suited
for steam and condensate applications.
Image courtesy Spirax Sarco
Piston valves are serviceable and reliable valves that are well applied to isolation use in steam and condensate systems. Recently, Spirax Sarco, globally recognized manfacturer of steam system componentry, introduced their PV4 and PV6 lines of piston isolation valves targeted at steam and condensate applications.

The new valves are available with carbon steel or stainless steel bodies, with the internals of both being stainless steel. Screwed, socket weld and butt weld connections are available in 1/2" through 2" sizes. The operation is unidirectional, so installation must have the system flow according to the arrow on the body. The only other installation restriction is that the handwheel should be above the valve body.

Accommodated pressure and temperature ranges for the PV4 and PV6 will be suitable for a broad range of steam and condensate applications. Share your steam system challenges of all types with application specialists. Leverage your own knowledge and experience with their product application expertise to develop effective solutions.


Monday, January 2, 2017

Steam Trap Maintenance Made Easier With Pipeline Connector

steam trap isolation valve set
PC4000 Pipeline Connector
Courtesy Spirax Sarco
Steam is a common source of heat or power throughout industrial and commercial installations. Most steam systems operate as a closed system, with return of condensate to maximize energy efficiency and gain other operational benefits. Steam traps are the workhorse of many condensate return systems, routing condensate back to the boiler and non-condensible gases out of the system, all without a major loss of steam.

Steam traps are points of high maintenance in the steam system. They are also an integral part of the system, meaning they are under pressure. Steam trap maintenance requires isolating the trap from the system, venting the pressure within the isolated section, and removing liquid that may be contained in the trap.

Spirax Sarco, globally recognized leader in steam system componentry and controls, provides a single unit solution for steam trap maintenance isolation. The PC4000 pipeline connector series (in the company's own words)...
"...are a complete 'Trap valve station solution' developed for use with two bolt universal swivel connector steam traps.
As the unit has been designed with two integral piston stop valves, it is possible to isolate both upstream and downstream of the universal trap connection and through the use of the fitted depressurization valves, possible to depressurize, test and drain the pipeline. The trap depressurization port also incorporates a maintainable 40 mesh stainless steel strainer screen to provide trap protection from system dirt and debris, which can be cleared through the use of the line pressure."
 A detailed data sheet is provided below for further review. Share your steam system challenges of all types with specialists, combining your facility and process knowledge with their product application expertise to develop effective solutions.


Tuesday, October 18, 2016

Knowledge Base for Steam System Components

steam system schematic showing area of steam utilization
Steam utilization schematic showing array of products (blue)
Spirax Sarco
Steam, ubiquitous source of industrial power and commercial heat, ranks as a substantial continuing expense item for any organization where it is utilized or produced. Designing, installing, and managing steam system operation effectively can generate immense cost savings over less rigorous approaches.

An effective method of good decision making involves tapping into the experience and expertise of those that have gone before, accomplished what you plan to attempt. For steam systems, Spirax Sarco is a premiere source of information, knowledge, and expertise. The company has been deeply involved in the production and utilization of steam for many years, designing and manufacturing components utilized throughout the entire process.
steam system schematic showing components utilized in production of steam
Steam production schematic showing array of products (blue)
Spirax Sarco
In the steam generation section of an operation, the company provides a extensive array of interrelated products.
  • Blowdown Heat Recovery Systems
  • Blowdown Vessel
  • Boiler Feedtank Systems
  • Boiler Level Controls and Alarms
  • Bottom Blowdown Valves and Systems
  • Condensate Contamination Detection
  • Electrically Actuated Two Port Control Valves
  • Pipeline Strainers
  • Sample Coolers
  • Safety Valves
  • Spirax Range of Flowmeters
  • Steam Trap Performance Monitoring
  • Tank Level Controls
  • TDS Control
  • Vacuum Breakers
Throughout the balance of the steam system, the list of components available from the company expands even more, illustrating Spirax Sarco's depth of knowledge about steam system components and how they function together to deliver efficient and safe steam system operation.

Reach out to experts with your steam system challenges, combining your facility and process knowledge with their product application expertise to develop effective solutions.

Wednesday, August 26, 2015

Steam Condensate Return Systems - Basic and Essential

Condensate Return Pump
Condensate Return Station
Courtesy Roth Pump Company
Many industrial processes and plants utilize steam in their operations. The generation and use of steam is one of the oldest industrial processes and is so well understood that it may be considered more of a utility than part an industrial process. Whatever the case, if your process or installation uses steam, then steam is a necessary input for successful operation. Keeping your steam system performing at capacity frees up time and resources for the more complex aspects of your work.

If steam is not consumed directly by the process as a component input, it is steam's heat of vaporization that is utilized by the operation. Efficient use of steam as a heating medium results in the conversion of vapor to liquid (water). Returning the liquid condensate back to the boiler for conversion to vapor again is a necessary step in the efficient operation of a closed loop system.

Condensate return systems are certainly not high technology, but keep in mind that a steam system may be the lifeblood of not just one, but many operations throughout a plant. Avoiding downtime in the steam system, of which the condensate return pump is an integral part, ranks highly on the list of "Important Things for Plant Operations". Condensate return is critical. What are some strong attributes of a good and reliable condensate return pump?


Condensate return station with dual pumps
Condensate Return Station with Dual Pumps
Courtesy Roth Pump Company
  • Minimize or eliminate cavitation at high temperatures. Cavitation will impede pump performance and cause premature deterioration of pump and drive components.
  • Ability to handle a high load during cold starts through motor and pump design.
  • Design and configuration to handle high temperatures without deterioration of pump and motor.
  • Develop higher pressure at lower motor speeds for extended service life.
  • Avoidance of mechanical seals below water line.
  • Consider a single unit with dual pumps for handling high loads and extending service life.
Specifying and installing a solidly designed and built condensate return pump may require an investment of your time and consideration. The return on that investment will be reduced maintenance, repair, and downtime. Talk to a product specialist about your steam system. Combining your intimate operational knowledge and experience with their deep product knowledge and experience with many installations will yield a good solution.



Friday, September 26, 2014

Water Hammer in Steam Systems - Demo

According to Wikipedia, water hammer is defined as "a pressure surge or wave caused when a fluid (usually a liquid but sometimes also a gas) in motion is forced to stop or change direction suddenly (momentum change). A water hammer commonly occurs when a valve closes suddenly at an end of a pipeline system, and a pressure wave propagates in the pipe. It is also called hydraulic shock."

When improperly drained of condensate in a high pressure steam main fills with condensate and completely surrounds the steam, an implosion takes place causing devastating water hammer.

Draining condensate and keeping it away from the steam by using proper steam trapping equipment will prevent this from happening.

The following video, courtesy of Spirax Sarco USA, dramatically demonstrates the principle behind water hammer and its potentially devastating effects.